Chihuahua dog: A Cute, Loyal, and Affectionate Pet

Chihuahua dog

Dogs are the perfect domestic pets that offer companionship for their owners. They come in various sizes and breeds, but all breeds of dogs have unique personalities and characteristics.

The Chihuahua dog wins that title regarding cuteness and the tiniest. These little dogs may be small, but they have prominent personalities. They are recognized for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, making them a popular choice for those looking for a loving pet.

Chihuahua or Chichiwawa dog is also known as lap dogs due to their preference for snuggling up in their owner’s lap. They make excellent watchdogs due to their high level of alertness and are the most fearless among small breeds.

In this blog, we take a closer look at the origins and history of Chihuahuas. We also discuss their unique characteristics, care needs, and some health issues to be aware of. 

So, you will know what to expect if you are thinking of welcoming a Chihuahua into your family. Let’s start with a little history lesson.

History of the Chihuahua

When it comes to the Chihuahua breed, it is still uncertain where they originate from. Some experts believe they were first discovered in Mexico’s Chihuahua, hence the name “Chihuahua dog.”

Others believe these small dogs were descendants of Techichi dogs, small companions. Techichi dogs were domesticated by the ancient Toltec people in Mexico, dating back to the 9th century.

The Techichi dogs were also believed to have ceremonial purposes, as they were often buried with their owners and left food for the afterlife.

In 1850, the first deer head Chihuahua was brought to the United States from Mexico by American travelers. The breed then became popular in America during the late 19th century. In 1904, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized Chihuahua as an official breed.

Today, Chihuahuas are one of the most popular dog breeds in America and have become famous global icons through pop culture, such as in movies like Legally Blonde and Beverly Hills Chihuahua.

Breeding characteristics of the Chihuahua dog

The breeding characteristics of the Chihuahua are what makes them unique. There are some of the most notable features that define the Chihuahua:

Appearance and size:

Chihuahuas come in various colors, two coat types, and long and short hair. Interestingly, the long-haired variety does not occur naturally but is a product of crossbreeding.

The most common colors of the smooth coat are fawn, black, and brown, although other colors, such as blue and red, also exist.

On average, male Chihuahuas weigh around 2.8Kg to 3.7kg while females weigh slightly less at  2.3kg to 3.3kg. Consequently, their owner often carries them around to keep them warm. 

Due to their small size, Chihuahuas typically have a lifespan of 12-20 years, making them relatively low-maintenance pets.

In terms of appearance, chihuahuas have round apple-shaped heads and wide, large eyes. It is also called apple head chihuahua when referring to this specific appearance. They also have upright ears, and their tail is often carried high over their back.

Chihuahua dogs small size make them great travelling companions
Chihuahua dogs small size makes them great traveling companions


Chihuahuas are known for being bold and confident, despite their small size. They can be quite defensive and protective of their owners, making them excellent watchdogs and alerting their owners to strangers or potential dangers.

Chihuahuas also have a solid attachment to their owners, often following them around and seeking attention. They tend to be quite vocal, barking or whining to get their owners’ attention or express their emotions.

Chihuahuas can be pretty tricky regarding training and socialization due to their stubborn nature. Early socialization is essential for improving their behavior and reducing aggression towards other dogs or people.


The personality features of Chihuahuas vary, just like any other same breed. Generally, they can be lively, playful, and affectionate. They also tend to be curious and intelligent.

Chihuahuas can make great companions for single individuals or couples looking for a small dog to cuddle with. But due to their firm attachment and loyalty towards their owners, they may not do well in larger families or households with young children.

They are good as service dogs due to their intelligence and bravery. Chihuahua dog breeds can also excel in dog sports, such as agility and rally obedience, due to their focus and desire to please their owners.

So if you’re looking for a small but spunky companion with many personalities, the Chihuahua may be the perfect fit. Just make sure to care for their needs and train them properly, and you’ll have a loving friend for life.

Highlight the care needs of Chihuahuas

In terms of care, long-haired Chihuahuas require regular grooming, diet&nutrition, and exercise.


Here are some essential grooming tips for keeping your Chihuahua looking and feeling its best.

1. Teeth brushing

One of the most important things you can do for your Chihuahua is to brush its teeth regularly. Plaque can build up quickly on tiny teeth, so brushing at least once a week is essential.

You can use a special dog toothbrush and toothpaste or a finger brush and regular human toothpaste. Just be sure to avoid fluoride toothpaste, as it can be toxic to dogs.

2. Nail trimming

It’s also essential to keep your Chihuahua’s nails trimmed. They can cause your dog pain, get caught on things, and break if they get too long. You can trim your dog’s nails at home with a nail clipper designed for dogs, or you can take them to a groomer or vet to have it done.

Chihuahua dog having nails clipped
Chihuahua dog having nails clipped

3. Ear cleaning

Another essential part of grooming is keeping your Chihuahua’s ears clean. Because their ears are long and floppy, they can collect dirt and debris easily. This can lead to infection, so cleaning them weekly with a cotton ball dipped in ear cleaner is recommended.

4. Bathing

Finally, it’s important to bathe your Chihuahua regularly. They don’t need a bath every week, but every few weeks is ideal. Be sure to use a gentle dog shampoo, and avoid getting water in their ears or eyes. After the bath, be sure to towel dry them thoroughly before letting them run around or go outside in the cold weather.

Diet & nutrition:

Regarding diet and nutrition, it’s essential to feed your Chihuahua high-quality dog food appropriate for their age and activity level. Their small size means they don’t need as much food as larger breeds, so be careful not to overfeed them. 

It’s also essential to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake as necessary.

In addition to their adult dog food, you can give Chihuahua puppies occasional treats as a reward for good behavior or just because you love them. However, be sure only to give them in moderation and not replace a significant portion of their regular diet with treats.

The best food for a Chihuahua will have protein as the main ingredient, with a balance of carbohydrates, fats, and other essential nutrients. So, read the ingredients list on tiny dog food labels before visiting a chihuahua breeder.


In terms of exercise, Chihuahuas don’t need as much physical activity as large dog breeds. However, they still require regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and keep them mentally stimulated.

On average, about 60-120 minutes of daily exercise is enough for a Chihuahua. This can include walks, playtime with toys, or even running around in a fenced-in yard or dog park.

Just be sure to monitor your Chihuahua during exercise and never leave them alone in an unsecured area, as they are small and can easily get lost or injured.

By providing them the care they need, your Chihuahua will thrive and bring love and joy into your life for many years.

Some Health Concerns that Affect Chihuahua Dogs:

Like all dogs, Chihuahuas can experience specific health concerns. These include eye conditions like juvenile cataracts or glaucoma, respiratory issues such as tracheal collapse, and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) in younger dogs.

Shivering and obesity are also common health concerns for Chihuahuas. When obesity occurs, it can lead to joint issues and metabolic and digestive problems.

Kidney stone formation is also standard in Chihuahuas, especially male dogs. Kidney stones block the urinary tract and can be a medical emergency.

Dental problems can also be expected in Chihuahuas. Due to their small mouths and overcrowded teeth, they are prone to periodontal disease and tooth loss. The food they eat and regular dental care can help prevent these issues.

Canine distemper is a highly contagious virus affecting dogs’ respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems. Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for this disease, and it can be deadly in some cases.

There is a vaccination for canine distemper, but it’s important to note that not all vaccines are 100% effective. It’s also crucial for dog owners to keep their pet’s vaccinations up-to-date and prevent them from contacting unvaccinated or sick dogs.

Symptoms of canine distemper in dogs include fever, discharge from the eyes and nose, coughing, vomiting, and diarrhea. If you suspect your Chihuahua may have contracted distemper, it’s essential to seek immediate veterinary care.

To prevent health concerns, Chihuahua owners must stay up-to-date on yearly check-ups and vaccinations, carefully monitor their diet and weight, adapt from a reputable chihuahua breeder, and exercise regularly. By providing your Chihuahua with proper care, they can live long and happy life.

What to expect if you decide to adopt a Chihuahua

Suppose you’re thinking of adopting a Chihuahua; congratulations. You’re in for a lot of fun. But before you bring your new fur baby home, you should know a few things.

Here are three tricksy things about Chihuahuas that every potential owner should be aware of:

1. They’re tiny, but they think they’re giant dogs:

Chihuahuas may be tiny, but they have prominent personalities. They’re confident little dogs who will stand up to much larger breeds. So if you’re looking for a cuddly lapdog, a Chihuahua might not be the right fit.

They need to be handled with care and taught how to behave appropriately early, as they can become aggressive toward other animals and people if not properly socialized.

2. Chihuahuas are prone to barking:

Chihuahuas are known for their tendency to bark frequently and loudly. As with all dogs, behavioral training can go a long way in preventing excessive barking. It’s also essential to provide your Chihuahua with plenty of exercise and attention so they don’t become bored and resort to constant barking as entertainment.

Chihuahua puppy barking
Chihuahua puppy barking

3. They have a lot of energy:

Chihuahuas are notoriously high-energy dogs. The energy of a Chihuahua can easily match that of larger breeds, so daily exercise is a must for these little furballs. So, due to their energy levels and small size, Chihuahuas are not recommended for families with young children who may accidentally hurt them.

Adopting a Chihuahua can be fun – just be prepared for some challenges. Your new fur baby will fit right into the family with patience and training.


To sum it up, Chihuahuas are the cutest little pets who will shower their owners with love and loyalty. The breeding characteristics of their small size also make them outstanding lapdogs and the perfect fit for apartment living.

However, potential owners should be aware of their prominent personalities, high energy levels, and protective nature. With proper care and training, Chihuahuas can make excellent companions. So if you think a Chihuahua is right for you, adopt one today.

Simon Wilson

Simon Wilson

I'm Simon Wilson, and I love beagles. I've been living with and owning beagles for over 15 years now, and during that time I've learned a lot about myself and the beagles. I love to write about my beagle experiences, and I hope that by sharing my experiences, others may find use in my learnings and experiences. Read more about Simon Wilson