Chinese Red Dog: The Protective Icon Breed of Dog

Chinese Red dog - Laizhou Hong

Who does not love dogs? They are man’s best friends and have become popular as pets all over the world. In the USA, every town has at least one dog groomer, and coffee shops are filled with dogs every weekend. They are loyal, brave, and often touted as the epitome of protectors.

But not all breeds of dogs are as well known. Regarding protective icon breeds, the Chinese red dog is a well-known symbol in China. They are often used as guard dogs and incredibly protective of their owner and family.

Chinese red dogs are a large, unique breed from China’s Shandong province. They are also called Laizhou Hong. The breed was used for hunting and guarding by Chinese emperors and royal families.

In this article, we take a closer look at the Red China dog, its history and characteristics, and why they are gaining popularity in the Western world. We also discuss the breed’s unique physical attributes and how to care for them properly.

Let’s start with their history and origin.

History and Origin:

The Chinese red dog is a native breed of China. This breed was driven by breeding the German shepherd and native Chinese dogs in the 19th century for military and police work. German Shepherds were brought in to help the breed develop quicker. But it was not until recently that this breed gained worldwide recognition, thanks to its intelligence and trainability.

In ancient Chinese communities, dog meat was a source of food for many people. However, with the development of society, dog meat and hunting were gradually removed from the Chinese diet, and dogs were generally treated as companions in China.

In 2010, the Chinese red dog made its debut at the World Dog Show in Denmark and has since become a sought-after breed by dog enthusiasts worldwide. Today, the Chinese red dog can be found not only as a cherished friend but also as a guard dog, police dog, therapy dog, and even a search and rescue dog.

The Chinese red dog is one of the most iconic breeds of dogs in China according to American Chinese Crested Club and was traded for its fur and used as a guard dog in the imperial palace. They are still not recognized by the American Kennel Club however Chongqing Dog Club of the UK, is the first organization to recognize this breed as one of the oldest dog breeds in China.

Chinese Red Dog Breed Characteristics

Here are some of the traits that make the Chinese red dog stand out:

Physical appearance

The physical appearance of the Chinese red dog reflects its breeding purpose.

They are long-bodied dogs with a muscular build and a strong head. They have a pronounced skull and a long nose proportionate to the rest of their body. They are also characterized by their broad, black nose and their straight nasal bridge, and muzzles. Their jaws are powerful, and they have a scissor bite.

They are known for their almond-shaped eyes with an intelligent look and wide, tall ears that stand straight up. They are also characterized by their medium-length croup, muscular chest, and long tail.


When personality, the Chinese red dog is an obedient and fearless companion. They are alert and vigilant toward strangers, making them excellent guard dogs. However, their protective nature can also lead to aggression if not properly managed.

They are highly intelligent and trainable dogs that thrive with consistent training and leadership from their owners. They are also fearless and bold, making them great in outdoor activities such as hiking, running, and agility. They also have high energy levels and need daily exercise to stay mentally and physically stimulated.

Weight and average life span

The Chinese red dog is a breed that is growing in popularity. They have a life expectancy of about 15 years and can weigh between 77 and 85 pounds. They are sturdy, with the height of male dogs 32 inches and females 27 inches.

Now that you have thoroughly examined the characteristics of the China’s Red dog, let’s discuss how to care for this breed properly.

Caring for the Chinese Red Dog:

As with any dog breed, proper care is essential to ensure a long and happy life. Here are some considerations for potential owners:


Exercising your Chinese red dog is important for maintaining his health and preventing obesity. 

In general, most Chinese red dogs need at least 30 minutes of exercise per day. This can include going for walks, playing fetch, or visiting a dog park. If your dog has an active lifestyle, you may be able to increase the amount of time you spend exercising your Chinese red dog. Just listen to your dog’s cues and take breaks as needed. 


Grooming a Chinese red dog is relatively easy compared to other Chinese dog breeds. They do not require frequent baths, but their coat should be brushed weekly to prevent mats and tangles.

Their nails should also be trimmed regularly, and you should check their ears for dirt and debris. Following these simple grooming tips can keep your Chinese red dog looking and feeling its best.

Training and Socialization:

This rare breed should be trained and socialized from a young age to ensure they are well-behaved and friendly towards other dogs, and people.

Health Concerns:

Maintaining the health of any male dog is important, but it is especially vital when it comes to this working dog. This breed is prone to several health problems, such as:

Dental issues:

Dental disease is common in family pet dogs and can lead to serious infections and discomfort. It’s important to brush your Chinese red dog’s teeth regularly and have them checked by a veterinarian annually.

Hip dysplasia:

A condition where the hip joint does not fit properly, causing pain and lameness. This can be prevented through diet, exercise, and avoiding injury.


The obesity rate in companion dogs is rising, and this high deterrence dog is no exception. It’s important to monitor their diet and exercise to prevent weight gain and associated health problems.

Digestive problem:

Chinese red dogs can also be prone to digestive problems such as diarrhea and vomiting. It’s important to work with your veterinarian to find a diet that works for your dog and avoid feeding them table scraps or other unsuitable foods.

To keep your Chinese red dog healthy, it is important to feed them a nutritious diet and take them for regular vet check-ups. Taking these steps can help ensure that your Chinese red dog lives a long and healthy life.


Chinese red dog is an amazing breed, with their intelligence and fearlessness making them excellent guard dogs. They need experienced dog ownership to provide training, socialization, exercise, and care. 

If you’re looking for an energetic, loving companion who will be by your side forever, a Chinese red dog may be your own breed. So, what are you waiting for? Get out there and find your very own Chinese red dog. Happy dog-hunting.