Animal testing is still used to help treat animals and to learn more about science and technology. Many laboratory experiments are still done on animals in the United States and the United Kingdom.
Research and experiments are done on various animals, such as guinea pigs, mice, rabbits, and dogs. Dog DNA is close to human cells, so researchers prefer dog testing more often.
Most of the dogs that are used for experiments are beagles. Scientists choose beagles not because they are the best model for testing diseases but because they are compact in size and calm. These and other attributes that beagles have meant more animals can be housed and cared for using less space and money.
In the post, we explore why beagles are still used in labs. We also name companies still testing on animals and explore those that have moved to more humane methods.
Do they still use beagles in labs?
Yes, tragically, the beagle dog breed is still used in some labs for animal testing in research facilities.
Though the use of animals in research is declining overall, there are some areas in which their use remains.
For example, beagles may be used in lab testing to test new drugs or treatments for diseases like cancer and in biomedical research and pharmaceutical testing. Additionally, they may be used to study human health conditions that have animal counterparts, such as diabetes.
The plight of beagles in testing has recently been thrust into the spotlight by the famous comedian Ricky Gervais.
Gervais has been an outspoken critic of animal testing, and in 2015, he narrated a short film for the Humane Society International called Save Ralph.
Ricky Gervais is joined by Taika Waititi, Zac Efron, Olivia Munn, and more stars in the Humane Society International’s animated short film Save Ralph in aid of a global campaign to ban cosmetic testing on animals.
Why are animals used in medical research?
Scientists use animals to study health problems that affect both humans and animals.
They also use animals to test if new medical treatments are safe.
Some problems can only be studied by watching a living animal. Scientists study animals when it is impossible, impractical, or unethical to study humans.
There are many research companies in the UK and the US.
Launched in April 2018, UKRI is a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS).
According to the UKRI –
Animals are used to gain an understanding of some cell structures and physiological and pathological processes. Although their physiology does not identically mimic the human body, they act as models for studying human disease and are used to develop new treatments for diseases. – 31 Mar 2022.
Many companies still carry out animal testing in the UK and the US because they believe it’s still the most accurate way to test new drugs and treatments.
Even though public awareness has grown, and some companies have stopped testing on animals, the practice is still going on.
It’s important to be aware of which companies still test on animals so that you can avoid supporting them with your money.
You can also help by speaking out against animal testing and supporting organizations that are working to end it.
Why are lab animals killed after testing?
After animals are used in experiments, they are often killed.
There are a few reasons for this.
First, the animals may have been subjected to toxicity testing and force-feeding procedures that would be too painful or stressful to allow them to live.
Second, the animals may carry diseases that could be passed on to humans or other animals, so they must be contained to prevent an outbreak.
Lastly, animals may be killed to avoid the cost of housing and caring for them after the experiment is over.
This is a controversial practice, and many believe (including myself) it is cruel and unnecessary to submit animals to such horrific cruelty in any animal testing lab.
Fortunately, there are organizations out there working to rescue and find homes for lab animals after they are no longer needed for testing.
Why are beagles the most tested on dogs?
As discussed, beagles are naturally easy-going and often chosen for medical research due to being relatively small-sized dogs.
The National Institutes of Health’s poorly named Office of Research Integrity states the blunt truth: “Most of the dogs used in research are beagles due to their convenient size and docile nature.”
Why are beagles used for lab testing
- Physical traits – This is probably the most obvious reason why beagles are used in labs. They don’t take up much space, so they can be housed in small quarters.
- Beagles are docile – Beagles are known for being gentle and easygoing with a docile nature and human-trusting personality. They don’t tend to get too excited or agitated.
- Beagles are adaptable – Beagles can adapt to new environments and situations relatively easily.
- Beagles have a good disposition – Beagles are generally happy and good-natured dogs.
- Beagles are easy to care for – Beagles are relatively low – maintenance animals, which is important when dealing with many of them.
Are beagles the most forgiving dog for animal experimentation?
There is no definitive answer to this question, as each dog has its unique personality. However, beagles are generally considered very forgiving dogs, which may make them more suitable for research than other breeds.
The breed is quite stoic, meaning they don’t show pain as much as other dogs. This is one of the reasons they are deemed suitable for animal testing.
Even though beagles are popularly used in research, many other breeds and animals are also tested. These include mice, rats, guinea pigs, and rabbits.
What types of research are beagles used for?
That gratuitous and indescribably cruel and deadly experiments carried out on beagles are as barbaric as ever is illustrated by this opening paragraph from Craig Masilow’s 2015 exposé in the Houston Press:
The purpose-bred laboratory beagle is a remarkably versatile animal. It can be used to ingest a toxic compound until it dies and to ascertain human safety guidelines for pesticides. Its heart, brain and prostate are easily accessible for cancer studies.
The sickeningly long list of other ways in which beagles are used in deadly experiments includes:
- Toxicity testing to test the effects of everything from cigarettes to mercury to industrial chemicals, household products, and many more
- To develop treatments for HIV/AIDS, cancer, and other diseases
- To study the effects of alcohol, drugs, and chemicals on the developing fetus
We believe none of these vile lab experiments for so-called research purposes warrant harming animals.
What happens to beagles in labs?
Like all laboratory animals, most dogs’ lives are miserable from birth until they’re euthanized. They are taken from their mothers and are subjected to horrific cruelty, painful tests, and torture, and finally, when the experiment is over, they are killed.
What were the 4000 beagles used for?
According to an article from News @ Northeastern, 4000 is the number of beagles rescued as part of the largest-ever dog rescue efforts in the US.
The dogs were being bred at a facility in Virginia that then sold them to laboratories for drug experiments. But the company has now been shut down because it was not taking care of the animals properly – and charities are on a mission to rehome the dogs.
“Four thousand is a big number,” said Humane Society head Kitty Block.
The breeding facility in Cumberland, owned by company Envigo RMS, was sued in May by the US Department of Justice. The Department of Justice accused the company of multiple acts of animal cruelty.
Some inspectors found that some dogs were being killed instead of getting help from a vet for problems that could be fixed. The dogs were also fed food with maggots, mold, and poop. Some nursing mothers were not given any food at all.
In another instance, 25 puppies died from cold exposure.
After the lawsuit, the company said the allegations were not true but also said that it would close the location and give the dogs to an animal charity.
The dogs rescued are now given medical examinations and vaccinations before being available for adoption.
What is the Animal Welfare Act
The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) was signed into law on August 24, 1966.
It is the only Federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals in research, teaching, testing, exhibition, transport, and by dealers. The Act is enforced by USDA, APHIS, and Animal Care.
What companies use beagles for animal testing in research facilities?
Many companies use beagles and other animals for testing; below is a partial list of companies that test on beagles:
- Arm & Hammer (Church & Dwight)
- Bic Corporation
- Church & Dwight (Aim, Arm & Hammer, Arrid, Brillo, Close-up, Kaboom, Lady’s Choice, Mentadent, Nair, Orange Glo International, Oxi Clean, Pearl Drops)
- Clairol (Aussie, Daily Defense, Herbal Essences, Infusium 23, Procter & Gamble)
- Clorox (ArmorAll, Formula 409, Fresh Step, Glad, Liquid Plumber, Pine-Sol, Soft Scrub, S.O.S., Tilex)
- Dial Corporation (Dry Idea, Purex, Renuzit, Right Guard, Soft & Dri)
- Johnson & Johnson (Aveeno, Clean & Clear, Listerine, Lubriderm, Neutrogena, Rembrandt, ROC)
- L’Oréal (Biotherm, Cacharel, Garnier, Giorgio Armani, Helena Rubinstein, Lancôme, Matrix Essentials, Maybelline, Ralph Lauren Fragrances, Redken, Soft Sheen, Vichy),
- Max Factor (Procter & Gamble)
- New Dana Perfumes
- Olay (Procter & Gamble)
- Pantene (Procter & Gamble)
- Physique (Procter & Gamble)
- Ponds (Unilever)
- Procter & Gamble Co. (Clairol, Crest, Gillette, Giorgio, Iams, Max Factor, Physique, Tide)
- Reckitt Benckiser (Easy Off, Lysol, Mop & Glo, Old English, Resolve, Spray ‘N Wash, Veet, Woolite)
- Shiseido Cosmetics
- Schering-Plough (Bain de Soleil, Coppertone, Dr. Scholl’s)
- S.C. Johnson (Drano, Edge, Fantastik, Glade, OFF!, Oust, Pledge, Scrubbing Bubbles, Shout, Skintimate, Windex, Ziploc)
- Suave (Unilever)
- Unilever (Axe, Dove, Lever Bros., Suave, Sunsilk)
- Vicks (Procter & Gamble)
Who breeds beagles for testing
There are many commercial breeders of dogs used for animal testing, including beagles.
Some well-known commercial breeders of beagles and other animals used for research include
- Marshall BioResources
- Charles River Laboratories
What are class B dealers?
Several years ago, facilities could purchase dogs from Class B dealers, who acquire animals from pounds and shelters and then sell them for the sole purpose of research.
Class B dealers are people who get animals from other states, shelters, private breeders, private companies, and other places. They provide access to animals that research institutions would have difficulty getting otherwise.
In 2011, the National Institutes of Health announced that it would start to phase out funding for research using dogs and cats obtained from random source Class B dealers. This policy came into full effect for dogs in October 2014 and cats in October 2012.
What can I do to help stop animal testing?
If you want to help end animal testing, you can start by becoming informed about the issue and making ethical choices about the products you buy and use.
You can also support organizations that are working to end animal testing, such as the Beagle freedom project.
Finally, you can voice your opposition to animal testing by contacting companies that still use animals in their tests and urging them to switch to alternative methods.
Animal testing is a controversial topic, with many people arguing that it is inhumane, while others argue that it is necessary for the advancement of medical science.
Beagles are one of the most common breeds used for animal testing due to their docile nature and small size. Many companies use beagles for testing, and knowing who these are will help you decide where to buy your products.